Zanthoxylum RHETSA (Roxb.) DC.
|Synonym :|| Fagara rhetsa Roxb.
Tipalia limonella Dennst.
Zanthoxylum oblongum Wall.
Zanthoxylum budrunga (Ro
|Bangla Name :||Bazinali, Kantahorina, Tambol, Badrang, Bazna (Chittagong, Dhaka), Bajrang (Sylhet).|
|English Name :||-|
|Disease :||Urinary diseases,dyspepsia,diarrhoea,rheumatism,cholera,, asthma, bronchitis, heart troubles, piles and toothache,cholera,inflammatory dermatosis,eczema.|
|Description :||A medium-sized, deciduous, aromatic tree with pale corky bark, covered with conical prickles on trunk and branches. Leaves pari- or imparipinnate, somewhat crowded at the end of branchlets, 30-75 cm long, rachis armed with some small prickles, leaflets 5-20 pairs, ovate-lanceolate, 7-15 cm long. Flowers small, appear with new leaves, greenish yellow, in large crowded terminal or subterminal, trichotomous cymes. Fruit small, 5 mm diam., globose, orange when ripe.|
|Distribution :||Sylhet, Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Gazipur and Tangail.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Bark contains alkaloids, budrungaine, budrugainine, rhetine, chelerythrine, rhetsine, evodiamine, rhetsine and lupeol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990). Fruit kernel and flowers contain essential oil composed of monoterpenes, d-terpinene, ?-pinene, d-?-phellandr|
|Uses :||The fruit and stem bark are aromatic, stimulant, astringent, stomachic and digestive, prescribed in urinary diseases, dyspepsia, diarrhoea and with honey in rheumatism. Fruits are appetiser, useful in cholera, asthma, bronchitis, heart troubles, piles and|