Synonym : Foenum-graecum officinale var. tibetanum Alef.
Trigonella tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz.
Bangla Name : Methi, Methishak.
English Name : Fenugreek.
Family : Fabaceae
Disease : dropsy, chronic cough,hypertension, diabetes, sexual problems,rheumatism,bronchitis,tumour ,dysentery.
Description : An erect, annual, aromatic herb, 30-45 cm high. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, leaflets 2-2.5 cm long, oblanceolate-oblong toothed. Flowers 1-2, axillary, sessile, corolla much exerted. Pod 5-7.5 cm long with a long persistent beak, often falcate, 10-20 seeded.
Distribution : Cultivated in the western districts.
Chemical Constituents : Trigogenin, neotrigogenin, diosgenin, yamogenin, gitogenin, 4-hydroxyisoleucine, vitexin, isovitexin, saponaretin, homoorientin, vicenin-1, vicenin-2 and two flavonoid glycosides quercetin and luteolin and steroidal saponins have been isolated from seeds.
Uses : The plants and seeds are suppurative, aperient, diuretic and emmenagogue, useful in dropsy, chronic cough, and enlargement of the spleen and liver. It is also useful in hypertension, diabetes, sexual problems and rheumatism. Seeds are demulcent, diuretic,
Habit : Herb