Synonym : Solanum surattense Burm.f.
Solanum mairei H. Lév.
Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H. Wendl.
Bangla Name : Kantikari, Kantakini.
English Name : Yellow-berried Nightshade.
Family : Solanacee
Disease : Diuretic,expectorant,cough,asthma,pain,fever,sore throat,rheumatism,carminativel ,gonorrhea,cardioactive and antipyretic acivities.
Description : A very prickly, diffuse herb, somewhat woody at the base, stem somewhat zigzag. Prickles compressed, straight, yellow, often exceeding 1.3 cm long. Leaves 5-10 cm long, ovate or elliptic, sinuate or subpinnatifid, obtuse or subacute, armed on the midrib and nerves with long yellow sharp prickls. Flowers in extra axillary few-flowered cymes, corolla purple, 2 cm long. Berry 1.3-2 cm diam., yellow or white with green veins, surrounded by the enlarged calyx.
Distribution : Chuadanga, Khulna, Kustia, Nawabganj, Rajshahi, in fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : The plant contains sterols, alkaloids and glycosides. The plant also contains quercetin glycoside, apigenin, sitosterol and carpesterol. Fruits contain steroidal glycoalkaloids, solasonine, solamargine, solasurine, solanocarpine, solanine-S and alkaloidal
Uses : Roots are diuretic and expectorant, employed in cough, asthma, chest pain and catarrhal fever. Fruit juice is useful in sore throat and rheumatism. Stem, flowers and fruits are carminative. Paste of the leaves is applied on painful joints to relieve pains
Habit : Herb