Shorea ROBUSTA Gaertn.

Synonym : -
Bangla Name : Sal. ,Gajari (Dhaka-Mymensingh), Borsal (Garo).
English Name : Sal Tree.
Family : Dipterocarpaceae
Disease : Astringent, aphrodisiac, stimulant, aphrodisiac, dysentery, fumigations, plasters, gonorrhea, lumbago , pains, skin diseases, scabies , wounds and diarrhoea.
Description : A medium-sized to large deciduous tree. Bark dark-grey or brown, thick with vertical deep irregular furrows. Young leaves reddish, mature leaves yellowish or dark green, ovate-oblong, 10-30 cm long, obtuse, base rounded or slightly cordate. Flowers 1.2 cm long, yellowish, in unilateral much-branched, terminal or axillary racemes, 7.5-23 cm long. Fruit a samara, ovoid, indehiscent, wings 5, 3 large and 2 small.
Distribution : Forests of Gajipur, Tangail, Mymensing, Comilla, Dinajpur, Sherpur & Sylhet.
Chemical Constituents : Bark contains tannic principles and a gummy resin. The resin contains large quantity of essential oil composed of many sesqui and triterpenes and sesquiterpene alcohols. Bark and heartwood contains substantial amount of the polyphenol, hopeaphenol, lignin
Uses : Bark and resin are astringent, aphrodisiac and stimulant. Resin is detergent and aphrodisiac, used in dysentery and for fumigations and plasters, given for weak digestion and gonorrhoea. Oil mixed with egg albumen is a very useful soothing application for
Habit : Tree