Sesamum INDICUM L.

Synonym : S. orientale L.
Bangla Name : Til, Kala Til ,Gaishya (Tanchangya).
English Name : Sesame, Gingelly.
Family : Pedaliaceae
Disease : Tonic, laxative, emollient, demulcent, diuretic, nourishing, galactagogue, emmenagogue, aphrodisiac, piles, enorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, demulcent, respiratory disease, diuretic in,emollient and laxative.
Description : An erect annual pubescent herb up to 1 m high. Leaves 7.5-12.5 cm long, simple and of various shape from ovate to linear. Flowers purple or whitish with purple or yellow marks, drooping, 2.5-3.2 cm long, pubescent. Capsule 2.5 cm long, oblong, bluntly 4 gonous, erect dehiscent from above downwards.
Distribution : Cultivated in many districts including Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Chemical Constituents : Seeds are very rich in a fixed oil (up to 55%) consisting mainly of glycerides of oleic and linoleic acids and also palmitic, stearic and myristic acids. They also contain solid fats, stearin, palmitin and myrisin, a crystalline substance, sesamin, sesamo
Uses : Seeds are tonic, laxative, emollient, demulcent, diuretic, nourishing, galactagogue, emmenagogue and aphrodisiac, removes constipation, thus helpful in piles. Powdered seeds are used in amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. A plaster made of the ground seeds is
Habit : Herb