Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze.
|Synonym :|| Pandanus odoratissimus L. f.
Athrodactylis spinosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Bromelia sylvestris Burm.f.
Keura odorifera Forssk.
Pandanus odoratus Salisb.
|Bangla Name :||Keya, Ketaky, Keora, Keurikanta, Kewa kanta.|
|English Name :||Screw pine, Caldera Bush.|
|Disease :||Alexiteric, tonic , aphrodisiac, leprosy, small-pox, syphilis, scabies , leucoderma, diabetes, headache , rheumatism, diuretic, depurative and tonic.|
|Description :||A much-branched shrub or a small tree, up to 6 m high, stem supported by aerial roots. Leaves 0.9-1.5 m long, ensiform, caudate-acuminate, the marginal spines pointing forward. Male fowers: spadix with numerous subsessile cylindric spikes. Female flowers: spadix solitary, 5 cm diam. Fruit an oblong or globose syncarpium, 15-25 cm long.|
|Distribution :||Coastal areas including St. Martin’s and sporadically in other districts.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Bracts of flowers yield an essential oil containing methyl ether of ?-phenylethyl alcohol as principle constituent (70%). Essential oil obtained from blossoms (0.1- 0.3%) contains benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, benzyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, geranio|
|Uses :||Leaves are alexiteric, tonic and aphrodisiac, used in leprosy, small-pox, syphilis, scabies and leucoderma. Leaves and spadix are used in diabetes. The oil and otto obtained from the bracts are considered stimulant and antispasmodic and are administered i|