Piper betle L.

Synonym : Chavica betle (L.) Miq.
Betela mastica Raf.
Chavica auriculata Miq.
Piperi betlum (L.)St.-Lag.
Bangla Name : Pan,Tambuli,Pandongma(Barma),Kowaingtak(Chak),Mra(Khumi),Rum(Murong).
English Name : Betel vine
Family : Piperaceae
Disease : Stomach pain, carminative, stimulantion, antiseptic, astringent, boils, cold, fever, lice infestation,
Description : Climbers dioecious. Stems rooted at nodes, thick, slightly woody. Petiole, very finely powdery pubescent.leaf blade ovate to ovate-oblong, apex acuminate; veins 7, base, usually opposite, others reticulate veins conspicuous. Spikes leaf-opposed. Male spikes nearly as long as leaf blades at anthesis; peduncle nearly as long as petioles; rachis pubescent; bracts orbicular or suborbicular, rarely obovate, Stamens 2; filaments thick,; anthers reniform. Female spikes longer in fruit; rachis fleshy, densely pubescent.Ovary partly immersed in and connate to rachis, apex tomentose; stigmas usually 4 or 5, lanceolate, tomentose. Drupes fused to form terete, fleshy, reddish, compound fruit,. Fl. May-Jul.
Distribution :
Chemical Constituents : Plant contains aterpinene, ?-cymene, carvacrol, chavicol and its derivatives, allyl catechol, eugenol, estragol, oxalic acid, malic acid and amino acids. Leaves contain good amount of vitamins particulary nicotinic acid, ascorbic acid and carotin. They al
Uses : The plant is used in Stomach pain, carminative, stimulant, antiseptic, astringent, boils, cold, fever, lice infestation, rabies.
Habit : Climber