Piper betle L.
|Synonym :|| Chavica betle (L.) Miq.
Betela mastica Raf.
Chavica auriculata Miq.
Piperi betlum (L.)St.-Lag.
|Bangla Name :||Pan,Tambuli,Pandongma(Barma),Kowaingtak(Chak),Mra(Khumi),Rum(Murong).|
|English Name :||Betel vine|
|Disease :||Stomach pain, carminative, stimulantion, antiseptic, astringent, boils, cold, fever, lice infestation,|
|Description :||Climbers dioecious. Stems rooted at nodes, thick, slightly woody. Petiole, very finely powdery pubescent.leaf blade ovate to ovate-oblong, apex acuminate; veins 7, base, usually opposite, others reticulate veins conspicuous. Spikes leaf-opposed. Male spikes nearly as long as leaf blades at anthesis; peduncle nearly as long as petioles; rachis pubescent; bracts orbicular or suborbicular, rarely obovate, Stamens 2; filaments thick,; anthers reniform. Female spikes longer in fruit; rachis fleshy, densely pubescent.Ovary partly immersed in and connate to rachis, apex tomentose; stigmas usually 4 or 5, lanceolate, tomentose. Drupes fused to form terete, fleshy, reddish, compound fruit,. Fl. May-Jul.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Plant contains aterpinene, ?-cymene, carvacrol, chavicol and its derivatives, allyl catechol, eugenol, estragol, oxalic acid, malic acid and amino acids. Leaves contain good amount of vitamins particulary nicotinic acid, ascorbic acid and carotin. They al|
|Uses :||The plant is used in Stomach pain, carminative, stimulant, antiseptic, astringent, boils, cold, fever, lice infestation, rabies.|