Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
|Synonym :|| Carpopogon pruriens (L.) Roxb.
Dolichos pruriens L.
Mucuna prurita (L.)Hook.
|Bangla Name :||Alkushi|
|English Name :|
|Disease :||Weakness, nervine tonic, skin disease, rheumatism, purgative, emmenagogue, fever, cholera, diuretic,|
|Description :||Climbing herb, young branches densely pubescent, becoming glabrous. Leaf trifoliolate, petiole 2-40 cm long, leaflet 4.8-19 cm long, 3.5-16.5 cm broad, obovate, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, lateral leaflets very oblique, acute or acuminate, pubescent on both sides; petiolule 2-3 mm long; stipules c. 5 mm long. Inflorescence an axillary raceme, 15.0-.30 cm long, flowers single or 2-3 together. Bracts 12.5 mm long; pedicel 2.5-5:O mm long. Calyx 7.5-9 mm long, silky, teeth equal or longer than the tube.Corolla purple.Vexillum 1.5 cm long. Keel 2.5-3.8 cm long, Fruit 5-6.3 cm long, not winged or plaited, with a longitudinal rib running the length of each valve, pubescent, hairs brown and irritating, 5-6- seeded.|
|Distribution :||This species found throughout Bangladesh.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Plant extract induced marked hypotensive and hupocholesterolaemic effect; the total inciole alkylamines produced marked behavioural changes in rats. Seeds give mucuadine, mucuadinine, mucuadininine and pruriendine, and small amounts of nicotine; and reddi|
|Uses :||This plant is used in Weakness, nervine tonic, skin disease, rheumatism, purgative, emmenagogue, fever, cholera, diuretic, ulcers, anthelmintic, vermifuge, ascarids, aphrodisiac.|