Madhuca longifolia VAR. LATIFOLIA (Roxb.) A.Chev.

Synonym : Madhuca indica Gmel.
Bassia latifolia Roxb.
Illipe latifolia (Roxb.) F.Muell.
Madhuca latifolia (Roxb.) J.F.Macbr.
Vidoricum latifolium (Roxb.) Kuntze
Bangla Name : Mahua, Maul, Moa. ,Matkom (Santal).
English Name : Butter Tree, Mahua Tree.
Family : Sapotaceae
Disease : Cooling, tonic, demulcent , carminative, coughs, colds, bronchitis, piles, emollient, emetic, laxative, skin diseases, rheumatism, headache, heals wounds and ulcers.
Description : A medium-sized to large, handsome, deciduous tree, young parts yellow tomentose. Leaves clustered at the end of branches, elliptic-oblong, 12-20 cm long, shortly acuminate. Flowers cream-coloured, fleshy, sweet, in dense clusters near the end of branches, drooping. Fruit a berry, ovate, acute, fleshy, 2.5 cm long.
Distribution : Dinajpur, usually planted by Santals and Barmans. Also planted elsewhere in the country.
Chemical Constituents : Leaves contain ?-sitosterol-?-D-glucoside, stigmasterol, n-hexacosanol and 3?-caproxyolean-12-en-28-ol, ?-carotene, n-octacosanol, sitosterol, its ?-D-glucoside, stigmasterol, 3?-palmitoxyolean-12-en-28-ol, oleanolic acid, quercetin, erythrodiol, palmitic
Uses : Flowers are cooling, tonic, demulcent and carminative, used in coughs, colds and bronchitis. Dried flowers are used as a fomentation, in cases of orchitis for their sedative effect. The flowers fried in ghee are given to persons suffering from piles. Seed
Habit : Tree