Heliotropium INDICUM L.

Synonym : Eliopia serrata Raf.
Heliophytum indicum (L.) DC.
Heliotropium cordifolium Moench
Tiaridium indicum (L.) Lehm.
Bangla Name : Hatisur (Beng.). ,Etusure (Chakma), Si Mar Hong, Paaida (Marma).
English Name : Heliotrope.
Family : Boraginaceae
Disease : Astringent, emollient, vulnerary, diuretic, ulcers, sores, wounds, gum boils, skin disease, rheumatism, ringworm, eye disease, fevers, urticaria, aphrodisiac, coughs, fevers, stomachic and emmenagogue.
Description : A coarse somewhat succulent, annual, 15-60 cm high with stout stem and ascending branches, more or less densely hirsute. Leaves 4.5-10 cm long, ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, hairy. Flowers small, pale violet, numerous, sessile, 2-ranked, in simple or rarely forked, usually extra-axillary spikes, 5-15 cm long.
Distribution : Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : Aerial parts contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, indicine (principal), echinitine, supinine, heleurine, heliotrine, lasiocarpine, its N-oxide, acetyl indicine, indicinine and anti-tumour alkaloid, indicine-N-oxide. The plant also contains rapanone and lupeol
Uses : Plants are astringent, emollient, vulnerary and diuretic. It is used as local application for ulcers, sores, wounds, gum boils, skin affections, stings of insects and rheumatism. Leaves are used for ringworm, juice is used in eye disease, decoction is use
Habit : -