Foeniculum VULGARE Mill.

Synonym : Foeniculum officinale All.
Foeniculum giganteum Lojac.
Foeniculum divaricatum Griseb.
Ligusticum foeniculum (L.) Roth
Anethum foeniculum L.
Bangla Name : Mouri, Sop, Pan Muhori.
English Name : Fenel.
Family : Apiaceae
Disease : Carminative, diuretic, laxative, appetizer, stomachic, anthelmintic,fever, thirst, dysentery and flatulence, kidney, amenorrhoea, cough and asthma.
Description : Tall, glabrous, aromatic herb, 1-2 m high. Leaves 3 or 4 times pinnate, with very narrow, linear or subulate segments. Umbels rather large, of 15, 20 or more rays, more or less glaucous. Flowers small, yellow. Fruits about 6 mm long, oblong-ellipsoid, the vittae very conspicuous.
Distribution : Cultivated as a spice in many areas of the country.
Chemical Constituents : Fruits and seeds contain 1.5-3% essential and 9-21% fixed oils. The essential oil is rich in polymers of anethone, coumarin, xanthotoxin, bergapten, psoralen, scoparone and vanillin. Essential oil also contains ?-pinene, camphene, ?-phellandrene, limonene
Uses : The seeds are carminative, diuretic, laxative, appetizer, stomachic and anthelmintic, cures eye diseases, burning sensation, fever, thirst, dysentery and flatulence, useful in diseases of the spleen, kidney, amenorrhoea, cough and asthma. Seed oil is a go
Habit : Herb