Cuminum CYMINUM L.

Synonym : Cuminum hispanicum Mérat ex DC.
Cuminum odorum Salisb.
Cuminum sativum J.SM.
Cyminon longeinvolucellatum St.-Lag.
Bangla Name : Jira, Safedjira, Shiajira.
English Name : Cumin, Point Caraway, Caraway Seed.
Family : Apiaceae
Disease : Stomachic, carminative, digestive, tonic, uterine stimulant, antipyretic, stimulant, cooling, astringent, bowels, diarrhea, dysentery, sore throat, gonorrhoea, relieves hiccup, inflammations.
Description : A slender annual. Leaves twice or thrice 3-partite, ultimate segments filiform. Flowers small, white, in compound umbels. Fruit cylindric, ridged, tip narrowed, aromatic.
Distribution : Cultivated in small scale in North Bengal.
Chemical Constituents : Seeds contain protein, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin B1,2,3,6,9,12, vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K. They also contain 2-4% volatile oil, the chief constituent of which is cumaldehyde. Besides the
Uses : Seeds are stomachic, carminative, digestive, tonic, uterine stimulant, antipyretic, stimulant, cooling and astringent to the bowels, used in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea and dysentery, useful in sore throat and loss of appetite. It is also used in t
Habit : -