Citrus medica L.

Synonym : Aurantium medicum (L.) M. Gómez
Citrus alata( Tanaka) Tanaka
Citrus odorata Roussel
Citrus tuberos
Bangla Name : Shosrijamir,Panilebu,Haitta lebu,Haitta lebu
English Name : Lemon
Family : Rutaceae
Disease : Cough, appetizer, fever and bronchitis, rheumatism, stomachache.
Description : Shrubs or small trees. Branches, leaf buds, and flower buds purplish when young. Leaves simple or rarely 1-foliolate; petiole short, not winged; leaf blade elliptic to ovate-elliptic, margin serrate, apex rounded, obtuse, or rarely mucronate. Inflorescences axillary, ca. 12-flowered or sometimes flowers solitary.Flowers bisexual or sometimes male by ± complete abortion of pistil.Petals 5. Stamens 30-50. Ovary cylindric; style long and thick; stigma clavate. Fruit pale yellow, elliptic to subglobose, surface coarse; pericarp white to pale yellow and soft within, thicker than sarcocarp, removed with difficulty..Seeds small; seed coat smooth; embryo(s) solitary to several; cotyledons milky white. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Oct-Nov.
Distribution : Throughout Bangladesh
Chemical Constituents : Naringin and poncirin in peels. Oil frrom peels, d-limonene, a-pinene, linalool, geraniol etc.
Uses : This plant is used in Cough, appetizer, fever and bronchitis, rheumatism, stomachache.
Habit : small tree