Carum carvi L.
|Synonym :|| Bunium carvi (L.)M.Bieb.
Foeniculum carvi(L.) Link
Ligusticum carvi(L.) Roth
Pimpinella carvi(L.) Je
|Bangla Name :||Jira,Arjun jira(Chakma).|
|English Name :||Carway|
|Disease :||Cirorhosis, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, gastric tumor, gynecological disease, hiccup, worm,|
|Description :||Plants 15–70(–150) cm tall. Taproot cylindrical.Stems solitary, base without remnant sheaths. Basal and lower leaves oblong-lanceolate in outline; ultimate segments linear or linear-lanceolate,. Leaves reduced upwards. Umbels bracts absent or occasionally linear, entire; rays 3–10, extremely unequal; bracteoles absent; umbellules 4–15-flowered. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white or pinkish, base not clawed. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Fruit or so called seeds contain volatile oil (3-7%), fatty oil (18- 23%), protein (21-23%), abscisic acid; yield 2% essential oil (Caraway oil) containing 18% aldehydes; Trans- and cis- carveol, d-limonene. Seeds contain flavons and lipids umbelliferone,|
|Uses :||This plant is used in Cirorhosis, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, gastric tumor, gynecological disease, hiccup, worm, impotence, indigestion, leucorrhoea, lipoma, lumbago, painful micturation, rheumatism.|