Cannabis SATIVA L.

Synonym : Cannabis indica Lamk.
Cannabis chinensis Delile
Cannabis erratica Siev.
Cannabis indica Lam.
Cannabis macrosperma Stokes
Bangla Name : Ganja, Bhang, Charas, Siddhi.
English Name : Hemp, True Hemp, Soft Hemp.
Family : Cannabidaceae
Disease : narcotic, stomachic, antispasmodic, analgesic, stimulant, aphrodisiac, sedative, diarrhea, gonorrhea, headache, neuralgia, migraine, whooping cough, asthma, dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia and pain of phthisis.
Description : A tall, erect bad smelling annual herb, usually 1-1.5 m high. Leaves, 7.5-20 cm diam., upper 1-3 and lower 5-11 partite, serrate, palmatinerved. Flowers small, axillary, dioecious, males fasicled in short pendulous panicles, females crowded under leafy convolute bracts.
Distribution : Dhaka, Dinajpur, Faridpur, Jessore, Kushtia, Rajshahi, Rangpur.
Chemical Constituents : Cannabis yields 421 chemicals of various classes broadly divided as i) cannabinoids, ii) cannabispirans and iii) alkaloids. Principal constituent of the flowering tops of the pistillate plants, which are medicinally used and also abused, is a resin which
Uses : All parts of the plant are narcotic, stomachic, antispasmodic, analgesic, stimulant, aphrodisiac and sedative. Leaves and resins are mainly used as Bhang. Leaves make a good snuff for deterging the brain, juice removes dandruff and vermin, allays earache,
Habit : Herb