Casuarina LITTOREA L.

Synonym : Casuarina equisetifolia Forst.
Bangla Name : Jhau, Belatijhau, Hari (Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf).
English Name : Beefwood, Australian oak, Casuarinas.
Family : Casuarinaceae
Disease : Colic, diarrhea, dysentery, nervous disorder, cough, ulcers, stomachache and constipation
Description : A tall, handsome tree with drooping branches, very slender sulcate branchlets with whorls of 6-8 scale-like leaves, the internodes 5-7.5 mm long on the branchlets. Flowers unisexual, monoecious or dioecious, males in terminal spikes, females in ovoid or globose heads. Fruiting head 13-20 mm long.
Distribution : Coastal areas of Bangladesh and planted elsewhere.
Chemical Constituents : Leaves contain kaempferol, quercetin, isoquercetin and their glycosides. Shikimic and quinic acids, glucose, fructose, sucrose and amino acids have been isolated from bark, beans and wood. Bark also contains polyols, polyphenols, ? -gallocatechol and ?-py
Uses : Leaves are used in colic. Bark is astringent and useful in diarrhoea and dysentery, infusion is used in nervous disorder, cough, ulcers, stomachache and constipation. A lotion of it is reported to be efficacious in beri-beri. Powdered seeds are applied as
Habit : Tree