Centella ASIATICA (L.) Urban.

Synonym : Hydrocotyl asiatica L.
Centella hirtella Nannf.
Chondrocarpus triflorus Nutt.
Glyceria triflora Nutt.
Hydrocotyle biflora P. Vell.
Hydrocotyle reniformis Walter
Bangla Name : Thankuni, Thulkuri, Takamanik, Brahmmakuti, Ada gunguni (Chittagong). ,Mrang khua (Marma), Menmeni (Chakma), Ting Thai (Murang
English Name : Indian Pennywort.
Family : Apiaceae
Disease : Alterative, astringent, tonic, diuretic, laxative, digestive, antipyretic, dysentery, leucoderma, urinary discharges, bronchitis, inflammations, fevers, ulcerations, eczema, leprosy.
Description : A slender creeping herb. Leaves with long petiole, 1-3 from each node of the stems, lamina 1.3-6.3 cm diam., orbicular-reniform, rather broader than long, shallowly crenate. Flowers in fascicled umbel, consisting of 3-4 pink, small, sessile flowers. Fruit 4 mm, ovoid, hard, flat.
Distribution : Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : The plant shows the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, sterols, tannins and sugars. However, it principally contains triterpens and triterpene glycosides, thankuniside and iso- thankuniside, asiaticoside, madecassoside, asiatic, madecassic, madasiatic, as
Uses : The plant is alterative, astringent, tonic, diuretic, laxative, digestive and antipyretic, improves appetite, voice and memory, cures dysentery, leucoderma, urinary discharges, bronchitis, inflammations, fevers, convulsive disorders, insanity and syphilit
Habit : Herb